Book binding is a great way to add your personality and craftsmanship into a book or journal. It can be used to improve the presentation of your work or increase your connection with a personal journal.
This method teaches you how to make a book out of paper that has already been used on one side, however the technique could easily be adapted to use new paper. Binding your own book is not as hard as you think, follow these book binding steps and you'll be well on your way to creating your own special book.
(More images are forthcoming!)
1. Fold each piece of paper in half, and in half again. Bundle into groups of three. 4. Cut the cover-cardboard and cover-fabric to size. 5. Glue the spine-protector to the cover fabric. 2. Sew each little bundle of three along the fold. 3. Glue the spine of the bundles to a piece of fabric, clamp with the binder clip, and allow to dry completely. 7. Cover the book with fabric.
Step 1 - Getting the pages ready
1. Fold each page in half so the unwanted-text is hidden. 2. Fold each page in half again. 3. Slide 3 folded pieces of paper together; this makes one "bundle". Repeat for all the pieces of paper.
Step 2 - Sewing the signatures (sewing pages into bundles)
1. Open up each little bundle of pages at the centre page. 3. Thread a sewing needle with cotton thread. Double the thread over and tie a knot in the end. 6. Turn the pages over again and loop the needle through the knot at the end of the cotton thread (so the thread is anchored). 7. 9. 2. Lay the bundle of pages, face down on a soft surface (e.g. carpet). 4. Push the needle through the bundle of pages from the outside of the fold. 5. Turn the bundle of pages over, pull the needle and thread through, and then push the needle through the bundle of pages from the inside of the fold. 8. 10. Stitch each bundle of pages together in the same manner. :-)
Step 3 - Gluing the signatures along the spine (gluing bundles together)
1. Stack all the sewn bundles of paper neatly on top of each other. 3. Cut a piece of plain fabric the same size as the stack of pages. 5. Glue the spine to the middle of the piece of plain fabric. Press the fabric with your finger-tip so that it is firmly against the spine of the pages. 2. Clip them together with a big strong stationery clip, on the non-spine side. 4. Put PVA glue along the spine of the pages. Rub it with your finger-tip so that it covers the spine evenly. 6. Hold the fabric firmly in place, and move the stationery clip to the spine side. 7. Allow to dry completely (at least 8 hours). Note: It is important that you really do allow it to dry completely, otherwise the book is likely to fall apart!
Step 4 - Cutting the cover-cardboard and cover-fabric to size
1. Cut two pieces of cardboard, just slightly bigger than the stack of pages (4mm higher than the pages and 2mm wider than the pages).
Step 5 - Gluing the spine-protector to the cover-fabric
1. Glue the spine-protector down the centre of the back side of the cover-fabric. 3. Glue the rectangular flaps of fabric to the spine-protector. 2. Cut out two little "v" shapes from either end of the spine-protector (as shown by the black lines in the diagram), leaving a little rectangular flap at either end.
Step 6 - Attaching the cover-cardboard
Step 7 - Covering the book with fabric
1. Apply some PVA glue to the outside of the front cover-cardboard. 4. Apply glue to the outside of the back cover-cardboard. 5. Spread the glue so it makes a thin, even layer. 7. Smooth the fabric onto the cover-carboard. Note - If the spine-protector it is not tighltly against the spine, try and adjust the cover-fabric before the glue dries. 9. Glue the corner flaps of cover-fabric to the inside of the cover-cardboard. 11. Repeat for the back cover. 13. Place something heavy on top of the book and allow it to dry for approximately 1/2 an hour. (Placing something heavy on top of the book will prevent it from warping as the glue dries). 2. Spread the glue so it makes a thin, even layer. 3. Line the spine-protector up with the spine and smooth the cover-fabric onto the glue on the cover-cardboard. Pull the fabric tight and smooth out any wrinkles. 6. Stretch the cover-fabric tightly, making sure the spine is in the correct position. 8. Cut the corners of the cover fabric as shown by the black lines in the diagram. 10. Glue the remaining pieces of cover-fabric to the inside of the cover-cardboard. 12. Close the book.